Český egyptologický ústav


Czech Institute of Egyptology

Celetná 20, 110 00 PRAHA 1, Česká republika
Tel: 00420-221619611, Fax: 00420-221619618


Research Plan


Exploration of the civilisation of ancient Egypt

MSM 0021620826 (Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic)
director Prof. PhDr. Miroslav Verner, DrSc.

The project will finance the activities of the Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University, in the years 2005–2011, and guarantees the continuity of explorations on the Czech archaeological concession in Abusir, as well as the further development of Egyptological research in the Czech Republic. The project will also ensure that the CIE keeps the high international standard of Egyptological research, especially as far as the era of pyramid builders, and the Late Period are concerned (in which other cultural streams of the eastern Mediterranean permeated Egyptian culture).

The fieldwork in Egypt will be concentrated on the research of:
- the royal necropolis in the pyramid field
- non-royal tombs at the periphery of the pyramid field and at South Abusir
- large shaft tombs in the Western part of the Czech archaeological concession
- archaeological survey of the Abusir necropolis, with a special attention paid to the hitherto unexplored Sun temples of the 5th dynasty.

The site of Abusir is planned to be opened to the public; reconstruction and restoration activities will be undertaken in cooperation with SCA (in the shaft tomb of Iufaa, the mastaba of Ptahshepses, and, if required by the SCA, in the shaft tomb of Udjahorresnet as well).

Besides the attention paid to the excavations and the archaeological materials, collected during the fieldwork in Egypt, this research project also includes other important tasks, pertaining to the:
- application of modern methods of linguistics in the study of the Egyptian language
- the examination of various types of Egyptian writing and compiling of palaeographies
- application of the cultural anthropology methods in the study of ancient Egyptian society
- ancient Egyptian religion
- the development of scientific thought in ancient Egypt
- Egyptian art
- historical written documents and their analysis
- relations of Egypt and neighbouring countries
- material and cultural legacy of ancient Egypt
- the preservation of Egyptian cultural heritage.

The realization of the aforesaid tasks will enable the research team to carry out a complex and systematic research on the ancient Egyptian civilization. The collaboration with related social sciences, as well as with the disciplines of natural and technical sciences, also plays an important role. Of great importance will be the collaboration with the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt on some urgent rescue projects in the Arab Republic of Egypt. The research plan also includes collaboration with other foreign archaeological institutes; some of these activities already make part of bilateral agreements.

Another priority of the project represents the application of new discoveries and scientific information in teaching. The popularization is enhanced as well. The CIE organizes public lectures, exhibitions, produces publications and scripts for film documents.

Besides the tasks connected directly to the Abusir fieldwork, other important up-to-date research issues are dealt with. Work on each research task (listed below sub I–IX) is coordinated by an experienced scholar.

I Archaeological exploration of the Abusir pyramid necropolis

Coordinator: Prof. PhDr. Miroslav Verner, Dr.Sc.
Deputy: Doc. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr.
I a Archaeological exploration of the royal pyramid necropolis at Abusir
I b Archaeological investigation of late 4th and early 3rd millennium BC non-royal necropoleis in Abusir South
I c Archaeological investigation of non-royal necropoleis at Abusir of the 2nd and above all 1st
millennium BC

II The rise and development of the civilization of ancient Egypt

Coordinator: Doc. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr.
Deputy: Mgr. Jaromír Krejčí, PhD.
II a The rise and formation of the most ancient Egyptian state
II b The most ancient monumental architecture
II c The rise of urbanism of ancient Egypt
II d Most ancient Egyptian art and crafts – the development of Egyptian statuary in the Old Kingdom

III Egyptian language and literature

Coordinator: Doc. PhDr. Břetislav Vachala, CSc.
Deputy: Mgr. Renata Landgráfová
III a Publication of a historical grammar of the ancient Egyptian language
III b Egyptian as a source for the study of the universals of language structure
III c Palaeography of the most ancient hieratic texts (until the end of the 3rd millennium BC)
III d Palaeography of hieroglyphic texts from the non-royal tombs of the 3rd millennium BC.
III e Ancient Egyptian literature, translations and analyses

IV The rise and development of scientific thought in ancient Egypt

Coordinator: Mgr. Jaromír Krejčí, PhD
Deputy: Mgr. Hana Vymazalová
IV aEgyptian archaeoastronomy
IV bTranslation and analysis of selected mathematical texts
IV cTranslation and analysis of selected medical texts

V Religion and thought in ancient Egypt

Coordinator: Doc. PhDr. Ladislav Bareš, CSc.
Deputy: Mgr. Jiří Janák, ThD.
V a Translation and analysis of ancient Egyptian religious texts
V b The development of religious thought in ancient Egypt
V c Temple architecture of the Late and Graeco-Roman Periods
V d The investigation of Coptic culture, language, art and theological tradition

VI History and culture of ancient Egypt

Coordinator: Doc. PhDr. Ladislav Bareš, CSc.
Deputy: PhDr. Hana Navrátilová
VI a Historiography, translation and analysis of historical texts
VI b Ancient Egyptian literature, cultural and historical analysis

VII Material and spiritual legacy of Egypt

Coordinator: Doc. Wolf B. Oerter, Dr. phil., CSc.
Deputy: PhDr. Hana Navrátilová
VII a Reflection of Egypt in the cultural history of modern Egypt and Europe
VII b Czech Orientalism and Egyptomania
VII c History of Egyptology and Coptology in the Czech lands
VII d Study and publication of Egyptologial collections in the Czech Republic
VII e Selected aspects of the relationships between Czech lands, Egypt, and the Levant

VIII Relationships of Egypt and the Near East and Africa at the end of Prehistory and in Antiquity

Coordinator: Doc. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr.
Deputy: Mgr. Jana Mynářová, PhD., Mgr. Petra Vlčková
VIII a Chronology of ancient Egypt in late prehistoric times, in the Early Dynastic period and in the time of the Old Kingdom, and the synchronization with the chronologies of the Eastern Mediterranean area
VIII b African roots of the ancient Egyptian civilization
VIII c Economical and cultural relationships of Egypt and southern Levant in Antiquity
VIII d Egypt and the Aegean in the 1st millennium BC
VIII e Cultural anthropology of the ancient Near East

IX Research of the Egyptian cultural heritage

Coordinator: Mgr. Jaromír Krejčí, PhD.
Deputy: PhDr. Jiřina Růžová, Mgr. Hana Benešovská
IX a Application of modern methods in the rescue of ancient Egyptian monuments
IX b The Abusir museum project
IX c Cairo – mediaeval architecture and the functioning of the Islamic city
IX d Creation of library information systems in cooperation with scholarly libraries in Egypt